Ankle and Knee Ligament Injuries Treatment by Onto Orthopedics
Your ankles help support the entire weight of your body and allow an exceptional amount of motion. It is no wonder that more than 1 million people in the US visit the emergency room each year for injuries associated with the ankle. Our goal is to provide you with the knowledge and care necessary to keep your ankles moving. For a growing database of tips on ankle care and common treatments, please see the links below:
The ankle joint is a key weight-bearing joint of the skeletal system. It is a structural medley of different bones, tendons and ligaments coming together to form this vital joint. The ankle is also a highly mobile joint and hence, a site of frequent injuries like sprains, tendinitis, fractures or ligament tear. Dr. Hayden is a highly experienced and knowledgeable surgeon who believes in providing advanced surgical care to his patients.
The treatment for ankle injuries depends on the type and extent of injury. Generally, pain is managed with the help of over-the-counter medicines like painkillers or anti-inflammatory  drugs. In order to know the extent of injury, the surgeon requests imaging studies like X-Rays and in some cases MRI too so as to understand the full extent of the injury. Based on these reports, a further course of treatment is decided.
Ankle sprain, also known as a twisted ankle, ankle injury or a rolled ankle is a condition where injury occurs to the ligaments that support the ankle joint. When one or more ligaments of the ankle are stretched too far and are either partially or completely torn, it results in an ankle sprain. A sprain normally occurs due to sudden sideways or twisting movement of the foot caused due to an awkward step or while walking on an uneven surface.
Ankle sprains most commonly occur while performing activities such as playing badminton, tennis or basketball or through daily living.1 It can also occur during daily activities such as stepping off a curb or walking on ice. Returning to routine activities before ligaments are completely healed may result in reduced stability of the ankle joint and can lead to a condition known as chronic ankle instability, which in turn increases the risk of ankle sprains.
An ankle fracture is a break in the bones that make up the ankle joint. The ankle is formed by three bones, the tibia known as shin bone, fibula-smaller bone of the lower leg and the talus, a small bone wedged between the heel bone (calcaneus) and tibia and fibula. Fractures can occur at medial malleolus –between tibia and tallus on the medial part (inner side of the foot), lateral malleolus- between fibula and tallus on the lateral part (outer side of the foot), and posterior malleolus- posterior part of tibia (back of the foot). Fractures are diagnosed with the help of an X-ray.
Ankle injuries come in numerous varieties. In fact, over one million people visit the ER each year due to ankle injuries. Most ankle injuries also occur when the ankle is moved too far out of its typical position.
Some of the most common causes of ankle pain include fractures, sprains, and strains.
- Ankle Sprains- Ankle ligaments are stretched past their normal operating range. Spains range from minor micro-tears to a complete tear of ligaments in the ankle.
- Ankle Strains- Ankle muscles or tendons are stretched beyond their normal operating range and are damaged.
- Fractures- Any number of ankle bones are broken.
Ankle strains come in two general varieties, acute strains, and accumulating strains. Accumulating strains or "tendinosis" occur when the muscle tissue in an ankle cannot heal properly after each small injury.