Have you or any member of your family recently experienced back pain? Most of us at some point experience it. Generally, people tend to take back pain lightly considering it “just another ache”. Studies have shown that back pain is one of the commonest complaints in all countries, just as common as a headache or the common cold.
The ‘back’ extends from the neck to the tailbone. It can be divided for ease of understanding into three parts – upper, middle & lower. Pain can occur in any part of the back, but the commonest is lower back pain as the entire weight of the body is borne by the lower back. The back consists of the spinal vertebrae and the joints formed by them, the vertebral discs between the vertebrae and the muscles, ligaments and the posterior rib cage.
Back pain can occur due to various reasons. It can occur while playing, while performing sports, dancing etc., or during work. It can also occur while lifting heavy objects, while bending or twisting-turning, or due to tripping, jerking, falling down or after accidents. Another cause of back pain can be psychosomatic i.e. due to stress, anxiety, depression etc. A bad posture, sedentary life or obesity can also lead to back pain.
In some, it may be due to a simple muscle spasm while in others it may be related to a slipped disc or fracture of the spinal vertebrae. It may also be associated with osteoporosis or degenerative wear and tear of the bones.