Your hands and wrists allow incredible dexterity in both everyday activities and in high-intensity situations. While severe hand or wrist injuries typically do not occur, minor pain can be common. Severe acute and overuse injuries to the wrist and hands do occur however. Both young and old people can suffer from severe injuries, albeit for different reasons. Children often experience hand and wrist injuries while playing or during sports. Older people can experience injuries to these areas due to a loss of muscle and bone mass.
Typically hand and wrist injuries fall into two categories, acute and overuse injuries. Acute injuries usually involve immediate swelling and pain, while overuse injuries might cause increased pain over time.
- Acute Injuries- These include ligament injuries (skiier's thumb), bruises, tendon injuries (mallet finger), joint injuries, pulled muscles or strains, dislocations, crushing injuries (can produce compartment syndrome), or broken bones.
Joint arthroplasty is a surgical procedure done to replace a damaged joint with an artificial one called as prosthesis. In chronic arthritis, deformities most often start occurring at the smaller joints. The knee joint is also commonly affected. This begins as a flexion deformity and gradually results in cartilage damage (cartilage is connective tissue surrounding the joint that reduces friction). When such damages occurs, normal function is rarely regained even with oral medication and exercise. Activities such as rising from a chair, sitting on the floor and climbing stairs become very difficult. Joints can become completely stiff.
The aim of joint arthroplasty is to diminish the pain caused due to the cartilage damage. It is this pain which can lead to immobility, resulting in weak muscles around the joint.
A fracture is a discontinuity or break in the bone caused due to external forces which are comparatively stronger in nature than the tissues that build the bone. Fractures may be simple or complex. In simple or closed fractures, there is not much destruction, bones remain within the body and do not penetrate the skin. In complex or compound fractures, also known as open fractures, the overlying skin ruptures and severe damage to bones, joints, ligaments and tendons occurs. These injuries are generally debilitating and require intensive treatment, surgery and rehabilitation. Injuries like these can be especially dangerous in children as their bones are still growing.
The knee is commonly fractured in automobile accidents and in other traumatic incidents.1 One or more bones around the knee may be fractured. The knee is most commonly injured in vehicular accidents, a fall from a scooter and during sports. A knee fracture is more dangerous as the broken bones involve a joint. If not properly treated, the knee may heal with time but may become stiff and deformed. Most fractures around the knee need to be properly attended to with surgery. Accurate repositioning of the fractured fragments and stable fixation of these fragments is important for achieving successful results. These fractures need to be opened by more than one incision behind the knee.
The shoulder has the widest range of motion of any joint in your body. Unfortunately, this high range of motion makes it easier to injure your shoulders. Minor shoulder aches and pains are common, however certain symptoms might be indicators of more serious shoulder problems. Symptoms of more severe shoulder injury include swelling, numbness, tingling, weakness, or a reduction in your range of motion. Often, basic self-treatments can reduce shoulder pain or stiffness.
When home treatment fails to relieve your pain, you might have a more serious shoulder issue. Typically these problems come in two types, acute and overuse injuries. Acute injuries might occur from falling on the associated arm, a direct hit to the shoulder, or an overextension of the shoulder joint. On the other hand, overuse injuries might only become obvious after a long while, especially if shoulder soreness is common in your daily routine.